■ Vienna Savings Bank 維也納儲蓄銀行
建築師：奧圖．華格納 Otto Wagner (1841-1918)
從裡到外華格納都秉持「簡潔有力」的建築原則，他認為「現代化的眼光已從微小、個人的事物上，放大到筆直的長線條、寬闊的外觀與大型的物體上，這些東西不需要太多贅物，它們只要簡單的外型」。 The headquarters of the Royal and Imperial Post Office Savings Bank in Vienna was built by Otto Wagner between 1903 and 1906. Wagner was a well-established, 50-year old architect, respected by High Society. The architecture was built on the Ringstrasse, the very symbol of Imperial Vienna and is the only modern building on this road.
The bank is huge compared with other buildings on the Ringstrasse. However, the brutal façade would not upset the balance of the rest of the buildings on the avenue. How did Wagner balance the imbalance?
The architectural principles which Wagner insisted from inner decoration to outer façade was “simplicity”.
“The modern eye has lost its perspective for the small and intimate.” Wagner said,” It has grown used to long straight lines, wide surfaces, and large masses, which need limited work and simple shapes.”
In this episode, we could realize how architect made architecture a true reflection of our time and the military precision of modern life.
■ Roissy 戴高樂機場一期航廈
建築師：保羅．安德魯 Paul Andreu (1938-)
得獎紀錄：1995 Japan Institute of Architecture Award (AIJ) 日本建築協會獎
戴高樂機場一期航廈利用建築重新定義機場的意義，創新的設計與思維，讓它在機場建築的歷史上，成為一個重要的指標。 Before 20th century, terminal buildings were a business for engineers. Not for architectural competitions. No building permit was necessary. In 1969, a young architect Paul Andreu won the competition of Roissy Terminal 1. Paul Andreu was to become one of the twentieth century's major airport terminal builders.
Orly, the airport built during the previous decade, was a shop window. The building opened onto large terraces where people came to enjoy watching the aeroplanes. The spectacle of the aeroplanes held a promise of upward social movement.
Roissy broke with all that. The glass was replaced with concrete. The building is totally opaque, almost blind. The terraces and their visitors disappeared, but the spectacle still exists. At that time, the aeroplane and the motor car were two emblems of modernity. Therefore, Roissy was conceived for and by the car. The prized placing of the terminal is a clear proclamation: the modern terminal building is an interchange between the car and the plane.
Roissy 1 gave a new definition of airport. It had become a major date because of its innovative design and thinking in the history of airport architecture.
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