■ The Reception and Congress Building in Rome 羅馬國會大廈
建築師：阿達貝托．里貝拉 Adalberto Libera (1903-1963)
時至今日，我們仔細分析這個建築，我們看到了前衛派運動與極權主義的矛盾融合，更廣泛一點說明，這棟建築開啟了建築與執政權力的連結。 Adalberto Libera was one of the most important architects of the 20th century, as well as being one of the most emblematic. He was a pioneer of architectural modernity .
In 1937, the regime launched one of its most ambitious projects - the E 42. The idea was to create a new monumental city embodying the new Imperial Rome, for the International Exhibition of 1942. E42 built numerous permanent edifices in Rome.
Libera won the competition for one of the most important buildings of the group - the Reception and Congress Building. It was more than a monumental building. It was "a basilica and temple", "a pantheon in reinforced concrete", a rationalist manifesto founded on simple geometrical forms - a parallelepiped and a cube.
Analysing the building as it is today, but also using many archives from fascist Italy, this film explores the paradoxical alliance between a formal avant-garde movement and a totalitarian ideology. On a more general level, it also explores the link between architecture and power.
■ The Olympic gymnasiums of Yoyogi 東京代代木奧林匹克體育場
建築師：丹下健三 Kenzo Tange (1913-2005)
得獎紀錄：1954，1955，1958，1965 Japan Institute of Architecture Award (AIJ) 日本建築協會獎 / 1966 American Institute of Architects Gold Medal 美國建築學會金獎
奧運體育館除了功能性一定要有以外，建築師對「美」的堅持絕不妥協，「生活中天天會看見的建築物一定要很美麗，我藉此聲明，只有美麗才是建築最大的功能」丹下健三宣示了這個令人驚艷的理論。 Architect Kenzo Tange was one of the post-war leaders of the modern movement in Japan. He built the two gymnasiums built in Tokyo for the 1964 Olympic Games. Tokyo was originally selected to host in 1940 had been cancelled because of the Second World War , when it was chosen again to organize the 1964 Olympic Games, the city picked up the threads of its past. For Japan, the challenge was a huge one : it had to prove to the world that it was a great modern nation. The event was both a form of revenge and a symbol.
Although Kenzo Tange was the representative of modern architecture in Japan. He had built the Peace Park building in Hiroshima, a communications centre in Kofu and a cultural centre in Nichinan. But like every Japanese architect, he had numerous questions about the relationship between tradition and modernity.
Complete function is essential for gymnasiums, besides, the architect insisted that “beautiful” was important element for buildings. “We feel that architecture that meets the needs of everyday life must be beautiful. In this way, I hereby declare that only the beautiful is functional. ”Kenzo Tange claimed the impressed theory.
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